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Migraine: Symptoms, Causes & Treatment Full guide 2020

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Migraine: Symptoms, Causes & Treatment for Migraine

Migraine is one of the medical condition that involves severe reoccurring headaches, with a pulsing sensation usually on one side of the head. It is often caused by severe vomiting, extreme exposure to light, and nausea. Migraine is a serious mental health issue which attacks usually last for hours to days. Some people have pain in the front side of their heads, and some people have pain in the right of the left side, usually, one side of their head. Migraine has become a significant health problem that affects over 10% of the population globally, and it is the another cause of disability worldwide. In 2019, the generality of migraines in children increased with age and may affect up to 23% of children by age 15.

Symptoms of Migraine

Different types of symptoms occur in different types of Migraines. Migraines are diverse in everybody. In numerous individuals, they occur in four stages. These stages may include:

 

Migraine
Photo by Andrea Piacquadio from Pexels

 

Prodrome

You may notice different changes that warn you for an upcoming problem, usually one or two days before, including:

  • Bloating
  • Constipation or diarrhea 
  • Food Cravings
  • Mood Changes
  • Severe thirst
  • Fatigue

Aura

In some people, the aura may occur before or during migraines. It involves your vision. Each indication typically starts progressively, develops more than a few minutes, and goes on for 20 to an hour. It includes:

  • Pins & needle sensations in an arm or leg
  • Difficulty in speaking
  • Not be able to see at all or vision loss.
  • Have a noise in ears
  • Change in smell, taste

Attack

A cerebral migraine pain regularly starts as a dull pain and develops into palpitating pain. It typically gets worse during physical activity. It is a stage of Migraine that lasts for four to 72 hours if untreated. About 80% of the people feel nausea in this headache, and half feel vomited. It includes:

  • The pain usually on one side of your head.
  • The pain usually In pulses or vibration.
  • Sensitivity to light, sound
  • Vomiting and nausea

Postdrome

After a stage of a Migraine attack, you might feel exhausted, drained, and tired for maybe up to a day. It includes:

  • Lack of appetite
  • Weakness or muscle pain
  • Dizziness and tiredness

Causes of Migraine

Migraine head pains are a manifestation of a condition known as migraine. Specialists don’t have the exact idea about the specific reason for migraine headaches, even though they appear to be identified with changes in your mind and to your genes. Your forefathers or parents can even pass down migraine triggers like weariness, brilliant lights, or climate changes.

Migraine Triggers

  • Hormonal changes in women. Fluctuations in estrogen, like before or during menstrual periods, pregnancy as well as menopause, seem to trigger many women headaches.
  • Drinks. Alcohol, Caffeine, Chocolate, Carbonated drinks.
  • Medications. Such as sleeping pills, Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT) and some birth control pills
  • Stress. Stress at work
  • Weather Changes. A sudden change of weather
  • Environmental Factors Includes a strong smell, loud noises, stuffy rooms, temperature changes, bright lights.

Some other common triggers are

  • Tiredness
  • Jet lag
  • Lack of sleep
  • Poor posture
  • Low blood sugar
  • Dehydration
  • Irregular mealtimes
  • Shoulder and neck stress
  • Poor overexertion
  • Processed foods

Risk Factors

The following several factors are prone to have migraine:

  • Gender: Females are three times more volunato have migraines.
  • Age: Migraines can occur at any age but tend to peak in the 30s.
  • Hormonal Change: Migraines often ten to begin before or shortly after the onset of menstruation. Migraines generally improve after menopause.
  • Family History: Nine out of ten people with migraines have other family members who had migraines. If both parents have migraines, then the risk of having migraines in child jumps to 75%. 

Treatment for Migraine

There is no permanent treatment of migraine. However, medications can treat it to get it more worsen. 

Some pain relief medications that may ease down the pain of migraine include:

  • Naproxen (Aleve)
  • Ibuprofen (Advil)
  • Acetamenophin (Tylenol)
  • Excedrin Migraine 
  • Sumatriptan (Imitrex, Tosymra)
  • Rizatriptan (Maxalt)
  • Antiemetics (for nausea and vomiting)

It is also important not to overuse medication. Always take medication after having medical advice from your doctor. 

Natural remedies for Migraine

Below some of the home remedies that help to relieve the symptoms of Migraine includes:

  • Staying in a quiet, darkened room for some time
  • Using flexible ice packs on the forehead
  • Drinking plenty of liquids
  • Sleeping, when essential

The following are the natural herbal remedies for the cure of Migraines. However, no side effects are heard after using them if the benefit is not earned even.

  • Magnesium
  • Butterbur
  • Herbal extracts such as feverfew
  • Riboflavin

Acupuncture

Acupuncture and other neck exercises are also helpful for migraine treatment.

Neuromodulation devices: 

Other devices are available that affect the vagus nerve and the trigeminal nerve to give relief from or prevent migraines.

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Conclusion

Migraine is a medical issue that is not just merely a headache. It is a periodic attack of pain that usually occurs on one side of the head. It is a severe medical issue that needs to be treated before it gets worse. As we all come to know about the different stages of a migraine, so we all know now that how serious illness this is, and we should not take it as lightly as a simple headache because it can’t be treated as a simple regular headache. It can have a significant effect on individuals daily lives also by effecting our regular activities. By identifying various triggers, we can often reduce the severity and frequency of pain and its intervals. However, it is not possible to cure it permanently also by ignoring all the precautions. 

References

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/migraine-headache/symptoms-causes/syc-20360201

https://www.webmd.com/migraines-headaches/migraines-headaches-migraines

Author Bio

Aliza Asif is a newbie content writer taking the experience of article writing. She has provided her services independently of article writing on the health issue niche. In 2019, she finished a career preparation fellowship course from a Stanford University’s project AMAL ACADEMY and had written many blogs on medium.com. She contributes articles about different niches regularly to Site-Reference fundaking.com. Recently, she has completed a content writing course at fundiaking training program. Aliza is a recent graduate in Commerce and currently enrolling in her Mphill Studies and hopes to intern in an online content writing digital skill in the future. 

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