To know how to treat sinus infection or sinusitis is very important because number of people usually encounter this condition. As name show “itis” means inflammation. Sinusitis is the selling or inflammation of tissues lining the sinuses. Normally, sinuses are filled with air. But sometimes it filled with fluid due to blockage. Different kind of germs can grow in it and cause an infection.
Sinuses present within some bone around the nasal cavity and on whole known as paranasal sinuses.
The sinuses are present in these bones:
Sinus present in maxillary bone commonly infected, usually from nose or from a caries tooth.
Main function of sinuses:
Sinuses make the skull light in weight and add resonance to voice. That’s why when sinus infection mostly occur, the voice is also changed.
Sinuses size gets larger with age.
Sometime several sinuses are inflamed, this condition known as Pansinusitis.
Basically sinusitis are of two type acute and chronic.
Also known as acute rhinosinusitis inflammation of membrane lining your nose, which is of short duration.
Cause of acute sinusitis:
The main cause is common cold which is a viral infection. But in some case bacterial infection may also a cause.
It is occur when there is inflammation for 3 months or more, despite treatment.
Cause of chronic sinusitis:
Main cause are
- Nasal polyps.
- Hay fever.
- Deviated nasal septum.
- Respiratory tract infections.
- Allergic reaction to fungi.
Symptoms of sinusitis:
Both acute and chronic sinusitis share number of common symptoms
- Thick discharge from the nose.
- Nasal congestion.
- Ear pressure.
- Pain in teeth.
- Bad breath.
Treatments of sinusitis
Home remedies to treat sinusitis:
If you don’t want to go to hospital or take medicine, also your condition is not too much serious, so there are number of ways by which you can get rid of sinusitis, by remaining at home.
Drink plenty of water:
Water helps to remove virus or bacteria out of your system. It keeps your body hydrated and support your body in fighting against causative agent.
Immune boosting food:
By eating food which enhance immunity, you can easily get out of sinus infection. There are number of food which play role in immunity for example; garlic, ginger, onion.
Oil helps to clear the sinuses and help in removing the mucous. So, use of oil is very beneficial in sinusitis.
Heat help in reducing pain due to sinusitis. For this place warm, moist cloth or towel around your nose, cheeks, and eye.
Cold pack is very beneficial in reducing the headache due to sinusitis. For this purpose pace the cold pack over the forehead.
Rest is very important to fight against infection. One thing you must follow is to elevate your head during sleeping.
It has tremendous result in treating sinus infection. Physiotherapist has different option for therapy.
Nebulization is easy to use and help in clearing the passage.
Laser therapy is applied directly over the infected sinus cavities to reduce the inflammation of mucosal lining.
Ultrasound therapy make use of sound waves to reduce inflammation.
In short- wave diathermy heat is used.
There are number of medicine available to treat sinus infection.
Antibiotic remains the treatment of choice to treat the bacterial sinusitis. Number of antibiotic use for this purpose i.e. amoxicillin, Augmentin.
Nasal decongestant spray:
These can be helpful but no more than 4 days. It treat sinusitis by reducing inflammation and promote flow of drainage i.e. naphazolin (Privine), Oxymetazoline.
Antihistamine works by blocking inflammation. So, it proves very effective in treating sinusitis i.e. Claritin, Zyrtec, and Benadryl.
Topical nasal corticosteroid:
They are very helpful in combating against inflammation which is main issue of sinusitis.
It prevent and reduce inflammation, and clear the passage making breathing easy i.e. beclomethasone, nasonex (mometasone).
Surgery is the last option left, if all other method fails to treat sinus infection. The main focus of surgery is to correct the anatomical defect. Surgeon usually removes nasal polyps, fix the defect and open the blocked passage. Chronic condition commonly fix with surgery.
There are number of factor which contribute to sinus infection i.e.
High pollen count.
Reinfection from siblings.
There are number of preventive measure, by following them one can easily escape from sinusitis.
Drink plenty of water on regular basis.
Sleep with your head elevate.
Blow your nose gently.
Avoid desiccated environment.
Daily bath your nasal passages.
Avoid antihistamines until prescribed.
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Sinus infection or sinusitis affects all age groups. To deal with this condition it’s important to know the participating factor and different treatment option available. To avoid this condition you must remained hygiene.