Eczema: Causes, symptoms, dangers, and remedies
Eczema is a disease of dry skin with inflammation and itching. It is considered a chronic disease. It is caused by bacteria, which lives in the gut of human being. Around 5% to 20% of people in the world get affected by this disease.
Causes of eczema:
The skin needs to be moist and has to be properly hydrated. When skin gets dysfunctional, water removes away quickly leaving behind dehydrated skin. Dehydrated skin is very sensitive to infection. It is prone to get cracks that allow bacteria, fungus, viruses, and other allergens to diffuse into the skin and produce certain reactions, which lead to skin diseases.
Physiological disorder with eczema:
It has been observed that a gene “Filaggrin” for skin maturity gets affected and cannot protect the skin for being dehydrated. People with eczema reduce the number of beta-defensins in the skin also. Thus they tend to get rashes, scars, and itching too frequently as a result the skin becomes too thick with the lines and marks because of scratching and rubbing.
Types of eczema:
Researchers couldn’t find a proper definition of eczema yet, all types of eczemas are dermatitis diseases but all dermatitis diseases are not eczema. They have divided it into two types.
1.Exogenous eczema: It is caused by external factors, however some inherited factors also enhance the severity of eczema. Some examples are ;
Irritant eczema, Allergic contact eczema, Photoallergic contact eczema, Eczematous, polymorphic light eruption, Infective eczema, Dermatophytide, Post-traumatic eczema
- Endogenous eczema: It is caused by the factors and the chemical reactions undergoing within the body. Some examples are;
Atopic eczema, Seborrhoeic Eczema, Asteatotic eczema, Discoid eczema, Eyelid eczema Eczematous drug eruptions, Chronic superficial scaly dermatitis, Pityriasis alba, Hand eczema Venous eczema, Juvenile plantar dermatosis, Exudative discoid and lichenoid chronic dermatosis
Impact of eczema on daily life:
The impact of eczema differs from patient to patient. However uncontrolled or return of eczema, especially on exposed areas puts a negative impact on patients. They get emotionally disturbed, embarrassed, frustrated, and stressed. Then patients confine themselves in isolation, as eczema is controlling their daily life activities.
Side effects and dangers of eczema:
As skin gets dysfunctional, there is a high risk of other life-threatening diseases. An individual with eczema herpeticum would have swelling on body, fever, and tiredness or may have diarrhea too frequently. Similarly, eczema cosackium is a threat to the mouth, foot, and hand diseases. Patients with atopic eczema are more prone to viral infections. Around 30% of people with eczema develop asthma and 35% develop allergic rhinitis, hay fever, and food allergy. Sometimes severe eczema leads to a heart attack.
Symptoms related to eczema:
It is most commonly observed that patients with eczema found usually scratching, sweating, feeling pain, and sleep disturbance. On top of this, they start losing their self-confidence and concentration while working or watching T.V. Programs.
Symptoms of itching with liver disease:
As eczema is an origin of many skin diseases such as rosacea & psoriasis and a lot of health conditions. It has a link with liver functions, poor gut, and inflammation Itching is connected with liver disease gets worsen in the late evening and during the night. Some people may itch in one area, such as a limb, the soles of their feet, or the palms of their hands, while others experience an all-over the body.
The foods which calm down the effects of eczema:
As eczema cannot be cured completely so one must be careful about his/her diet. Some alkaline foods moisturize the skin and clean the liver & gut. They help them repair and work properly.
- Flax seed oil: It moisturizes skin from the inside out. 1/2 teaspoon of flax seed oil per day will full fill the requirement of omega-3s.
- Red and purple cabbage and beet: The red and purple colors are also skin-protecting pigments and anti-inflammatory agents. Beet helps in removing chemicals from the blood.
- Oats: Besides fiber, oats also contain vitamin E, zinc, and silica, which are essential for strong and shiny skin.
- Pears: “Peeled pears are very low in natural chemicals, which help to reduce the risk of inflammatory diseases.
The foods which enhance the effects of eczema:
One must avoid the foods rich in amine, salicylates, and MSG, which enhance the symptoms and sensitivity to eczema.
Grapes, Oranges, Kiwis, Avocados, Broccoli, Tomatoes
Eggs: 70-90% of people with eczema are allergic or sensitive to them
Dairy products: 89% of eczema sufferers are allergic to dairy products
- Patients with eczema must avoid using chemicals and perfumes.
- Try not to be most of the time in heated and humid places.
- He /she should use cotton material instead of acrylic, silk, and wool.
The eczema is considered as dry skin disease, so it is necessary to treat the skin with moisturizers regularly. It is highly recommended that the moisturizers must be used in combination with corticosteroids to reduce the flare and severity of eczema. The use of moisturizers twice a day gives a soothing effect and it also helps in controlling skin damage.
At present, there is no cure for eczema. The health providers are commonly conducting anti-inflammatory therapy. They use topical corticosteroid and calcineurin inhibitors. Patients with acute eczema are given cyclosporine methotrexate or azathioprine and dupilumab. At times bandages and phototherapy is also used for patients who do not go for systematic treatments.
Similarly, it also has been found in many patients that eczema’s symptoms were reduced by decreasing gut inflammation. Probiotic treatment is a way of giving live microorganisms by mouth, such as the Lactobacillus bacteria, which is found in curd, and unpasteurized milk.
How to live with eczema:
It is well understood by different studies and experiments done by health providers that eczema once occurs doesn’t go away, so people must learn how to live with it. Yes of course it’s a challenge for a patient as no one knows the exact reason for the occurrence and when does it get worse or better. It is a long-Term episode (coming and going). It is like a bad guy living with us and one cannot get rid of it. The only things that work to minimize the reoccurrence of disease and to get relief in symptoms are self- care, proper education, and the use of quality ointments, and moisturizers.
I am Shaista Qamar. Having done MSc., B.Ed., PGCC. Associated with the teaching profession for the past 28 years. Worked in different capacities from teaching to heading renowned campuses. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org